Ethinyl Estradiol and Desogestrel is a combination birth control pill having two active ingredients namely Ethinyl Estradiol and Desogestrel, both of which are female sex hormone. It works by preventing ovulation or the release of a female egg from the ovaries. It also causes changes in the cervical and uterine lining making the cervical mucus more viscous, thereby making it harder for male sperms to reach the uterus and also for a fertilized egg to attach to the uterus wall.
Ethinyl Estradiol and Desogestrel pill is used as a contraceptive method to prevent pregnancy. It is sold under various trade names, some of which are Mercinol and Femilon (made by Infar). This pill may also be given for treatments beside those listed above.
Important Information about Femilon – 0.02mg + 0.15mg (Ethinyl Estradiol and Desogestrel)
Ethinyl Estradiol and Desogestrel pill (Mercinol and Femilon) is not recommended if you are pregnant or if you have recently delivered a baby. You must also not take this pill if you are suffering from any of these conditions: heart disease, uncontrolled high blood pressure, blood clotting disorder, problems with circulation, problems in eyes or kidneys due to diabetes, unexplained vaginal bleeding, liver disease or liver cancer, migraine, if you are smoker and above 35, breast or uterine cancer, jaundice due to birth control pills, or a heart attack or a stroke in the recent past.
You may need to employ an alternate birth control method such as condoms or spermicide in the initial few days of starting the pills or if you happen to miss a dose. Consult your doctor for more details.
Always store Ethinyl Estradiol and Desogestrel pills in a cool and dry place, away from heat, light, moisture, children and pets.
Before taking Femilon – 0.02mg + 0.15mg (Ethinyl Estradiol and Desogestrel)
Before taking Ethinyl Estradiol and Desogestrel pill (Mercinol and Femilon), inform your doctor about your entire medical history. Let him or her also know if you are allergic to any medications or any ingredients in Ethinyl Estradiol and Desogestrel. You must not take this medication if you have any of the conditions mentioned above.
To safely use this pill, tell your doctor if you have any of these conditions: high blood pressure, high cholesterol, obesity, depression in the past, hypothyroidism, gall bladder disease, diabetes, seizures, irregular periods, tuberculosis, or a history of fibrocystic disease in breasts, or an abnormal mammogram.
How should I take Femilon – 0.02mg + 0.15mg (Ethinyl Estradiol and Desogestrel)?
Strictly follow the directions of your doctor or the instructions on the medication label while taking Ethinyl Estradiol and Desogestrel (Mercinol and Femilon). Any departure from the amount of prescribed dosage can cause harmful health effects and render the medication ineffective resulting in pregnancy.
Start with the fist pill on the first day of your period or on the first Sunday after that. You may need an alternate birth control measure for the initial days of using these pills. You may use condoms or spermicide as back up contraception. You may need frequent doctor visits while taking these pills.
Take one pill every day orally and ensure that you don’t go more than 24 hours without a pill. Make a habit to take the pill at the same time every day. When the pills get over, start a new pack. Get a refill before the previous pack gets over as missing on a single dose can result in pregnancy.
You may get breakthrough bleeding during the first 3 months of starting this medication. See your doctor if it is persistent and turns heavy. Stop taking the pills if you experience severe vomiting and diarrhea, and employ back up birth control method.
If you are scheduled for a surgery or any medical test or advised bed rest, you may need to discontinue this pill for some time. Any healthcare provider who treats you must know if you take the pills.
What if I miss a dose?
Missing even a single Ethinyl Estradiol and Desogestrel pill increases the risk of your pregnancy. So don’t skip a dose as far as possible.
If you happen to skip one active Ethinyl Estradiol and Desogestrel pill, take two on the day that you remember. Then have one pill each day for the rest of the pack.
If you happen to skip two active pills consecutively in the first and second week, have two pills each day for two consecutive days. Then have one pill each day for the rest of the pack. Adopt back up contraception for at least one full week following the missed doses.
If you happen to skip two active pills consecutively in the third week, discard the rest of the pills and start a new pack the same day if you are a Day 1 starter. If you start on Sunday, continue taking a pill every day until Sunday. On Sunday, discard rest of the pack and open a new pack that day.
If you happen to skip three active pills consecutively in week 1, 2, or 3, discard the rest of the pack and open a new pack on the same day if you are a Day 1 starter. If you start on Sunday, continue taking a pill every day until Sunday. On Sunday, discard away rest of the pack and start a new pack that day.
What if I Overdose?
If you overdose on Femilon – 0.02mg + 0.15mg (Ethinyl Estradiol and Desogestrel) pills, you may experience symptoms like nausea, vomiting, and vaginal bleeding. Get emergency medical attention or contact the Doctor immediately if you get serious overdose effects.
Things to avoid while taking Femilon – 0.02mg + 0.15mg (Ethinyl Estradiol and Desogestrel)
If you are a smoker and over 35 years of age, taking Ethinyl Estradiol and Desogestrel pills can increase the risk of blood clot, stroke, or heart attack. These pills may be more likely to cause blood clots than other types of contraceptive pills.
This pill will not protect you from STDs so it is wise to stay away from unsafe sexual practices.
Femilon – 0.02mg + 0.15mg (Ethinyl Estradiol and Desogestrel) Side Effects
Many people may not experience any side effects due to Ethinyl Estradiol and Desogestrel pills (Mercinol and Femilon). However that might not be the case with you. Some of the less serious side effects of pills are vomiting, nausea, headache, bloating, breast tenderness, swelling in limbs (fluid retention), unexpected weight changes, vaginal spotting, missed or irregular periods. If any of these symptoms continue for a longer period or deteriorate, get urgent medical help.
Some of the rare and serious side effects of this medication are blood clotting disorders like deep vein thrombosis, heart attack, stroke, or embolism; sudden breath shortness; pain in chest, jaw or left arm; unexpected sweating; confusion bloody cough; sudden giddiness or fainting; migraines; vision or speech problems. Contact your doctor right away if you get these serious conditions.
The list of conditions mentioned above is non exhaustive and you may experience other non serious or life threatening conditions. Get immediate and urgent medical in such cases.
Femilon – 0.02mg + 0.15mg (Ethinyl Estradiol and Desogestrel) Dosing Information
Follow the dosing instructions given by your doctor or that which comes along with the medication for best results.
Interaction with other Drugs
Some of the drugs which can interact with Femilon – 0.02mg + 0.15mg (Ethinyl Estradiol and Desogestrel) and reduce its effectiveness are bosentan, an antibiotic or tuberculosis medication, drugs in the treatment of hepatitis C, HIV, or AIDS, Phenobarbital or other barbitutrates, St John’s Wort, or seizure medications. Inform your doctor in advance if you use any of these drugs as well as the following ones: dantrolene, tizanidine, or tranexamic acid.
The drugs mentioned above are not the only ones that can interact with Ethinyl Estradiol and Desogestrel. There may be others. Don’t forget to inform your doctor about all existing medications which you may be using. Never start a new medication without proper medical screening and advice.